Welcome to 2015!
This year will see the Australian Government increasing its drive to promote investment visas as a vehicle for people wanting permanent residence in Australia.
Although the facts show that a big proportion of applicants have been wealthy Chinese investors so far, the criteria has universal appeal and there are many other nationalities applying for the two investment visas that are currently available.
In the past the Australian government had emphasised the promotion of the business skills visa where successful applicants are required to establish businesses in Australia. These visas are still available but investment visas are being offered increasingly as another business skill visa alternative.
Establishing a business in Australia is not without some risk as the entrepreneur is new to Australia, is unfamiliar with the environment, and often without fluency in the English language. For many intending migrants, investment visas are preferred as the process can be simpler and the risks are reduced. There is also better certainty of gaining permanent residence in Australia as the prospects of meeting the permanent residency requirements are enhanced.
In this article we will discuss Australia as a lifestyle destination, why people are choosing it, and we will discuss the different investment visa options and the requirements for them.
Australia as a destination
Technology and modern transportation is increasingly shrinking the world, making it a global village. As a result, people are travelling more and getting the opportunity to experience different lifestyles in different global destinations.
This has resulted in more people discovering Australia, and experiencing the easy lifestyle that it has to offer. Australia is geographically close to Asia the dynamic power engine of the world in the twenty first century. Australia shares nearly the same time zone as part of Asia. In fact Western Australia is in the same time zone as East and Southeast Asia.
Migrants choose Australia for different reasons, but the ones often given are those of an easy lifestyle especially for families, a tolerant society, and the opportunities available in a young country of only 23 million people. In contrast the population of some Asian cities like Chongqing, Shanghai, Delhi, Seoul, and Tokyo have populations that exceed Australia’s population.
As a young country, Australia has a clean and green environment, free of the stresses of highly populated or industrialised countries. Yet it has lots of opportunities in the quality and cost of education, lifestyle and business environment that it offers its citizens living within it.
With this discovery of Australia, the nationals of China and India are now the two top source countries for migrants to Australia, together with the United Kingdom. For business skill visas, China is one of the top source countries, and the numbers are increasing.
In the Significant Investor Visa (SIV) statistics for example, a visa that was initiated only in November 2012 requiring an investment of $5million in Australia, Chinese investors constitute the largest group of applicants.
Investment visas are a two-step process to obtaining permanent residence in Australia. Applicants are initially approved for their investment visa on a provisional basis. After a qualifying period on their particular investment visa, they will be eligible to apply for the second stage permanent residence visa. The requirements and speed of when they will qualify for the second stage permanent residence visa is dependent on their specific investment visa.
From 1 July 2015, there will be a suite of three investment visas that will be available to people wishing to migrate to Australia:
- Investor Visa: is a visa for investors who can invest $1.5million in Australia;
- Significant Investor Visa: is a visa for investors who can invest $5million in Australia; and
- Premium Investor Visa: is a new visa that will be initiated from 1 July 2015. This is a visa for investors who can invest $15 million in Australia.
- Investor Visa
This visa is restricted to applicants under 55 years old and who are able to pass a point’s test of business attributes. They must have a successful record of holding eligible investments or a successful business activity.
They must have at least 3 years’ experience of direct involvement in managing qualifying business(es) or eligible investments ($1.5million). The applicant must have net business and personal assets of $2.25 million, and are willing to make a designated investment of $1.5 million into a state or territory government bond for four years.
When the applicant is granted this investor visa, they have to wait for their investment to mature (4 years) and show that they have resided in Australia for at least 2 years during that 4 year period before they can apply for their second stage, permanent residence visa.
They have to be nominated by a State or Territory Government.
- Significant Investor Visa
Unlike the investor visa, there is no age limit, and no points test requirement for this visa.
Applicants must be able to prove that their funds are unencumbered, and the source of their funds is legitimate. They must make an investment of $5m in one or more of the following complying investments:
– State or Territory government bonds, and/or
– Australian regulated managed funds with an Australian focus, and/or
– Direct investment in private Australian companies.
These complying investments are currently under review by the Government.
Although these investments have to be invested for a period of 4 years, applicants may swap the investments during that period as they see fit. If investor applicants find the low rate of return on safer Government bonds unattractive, they may look to higher returns in either a managed fund or directly investing in a private company.
Unlike the Investor visa applicant who has to reside in Australia for a minimum of 2 years during the 4 year period of their provisional visa, the main Significant Investor Visa holder needs to spend only 160 days during the provisional period of 4 years before they can apply for their second stage permanent residence visa.
Recent amendments, however, require the secondary applicants (family members) to spend 180 days per year in Australia. This reform was introduced to ensure that applicants and their families actually live in Australia and are genuine in their commitment to contribute to Australian life and the economy.
In the past a State or Territory government was required to nominate the applicant, but recent reforms stipulate that the Australian Trade Commission (Austrade) will also be involved in the future nomination process.
- Premium Investor Visa
The Premium Investment Visa (PIV) will be available from 1 July 2015. It is aimed at the “top end” entrepreneurs and business owners. Applicants for this visa will be required to invest $15million into approved investments. Austrade is responsible for nominating the PIV applicant to the Department of Immigration.
The rules for this visa will be released over the next few months. It is expected that the criteria will align with the priorities of the Australian government’s national investment policy. These investment sectors could include:
- food and agribusiness
- mining equipment technology and services
- oil, gas and energy resources
- medical technologies and pharmaceuticals, and
- advanced manufacturing
The advantage for holders of this visa is that they will not be required to fulfil any residency requirement, unlike the investor visa holder (who is required to spend 2 years in Australia) and the Significant Investor Visa holder (the main applicant is required to spend 160 days in Australia, but family members will have to spend 180 days a year in Australia over the 4 year period).
The other major advantage is the ability to fast track the visa holder’s permanent residence application (second stage) after 12 months, making the process for obtaining permanent residence much quicker.
There is also no age limit, and no points test requirement for this visa.
Free Trade Agreement
The Australian Government is increasingly concluding Free Trade Agreements with the powerful economies of the region. Most recently it concluded agreements with South Korea and Japan. It has already completed negotiations and signed a Declaration of Intent for a China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA) in Canberra on 17 November 2014. And it is currently pursuing a Free Trade Agreement with India.
These agreements are likely to have a profound impact on future investment linkages between the Asian region and Australia.
With the Australian government encouraging and promoting a variety of investment visas, it is likely that interest in these visas will increase, and such investments in Australia will continue to grow in 2015.
As at 30 September 2014, the Australian Government has stated that more than $2.18 billion had already been invested in Australia by applicants for the SIV visa alone, and that a further 595 SIV applicants were still in the pipeline waiting for their applications to be finalised. This pipeline constituted another $3 billion worth of investments waiting for approval.
For more information on the investment visas, please contact us and arrange an interview with our senior and experienced staff. We can help with all aspects of visa applications and can show you the pathway to a successful move to living in Australia. We have undertaken the Investor and Significant Investor Visa successfully.
As a full service law firm, we can also advise on the setting up of the right investment vehicle-such as a company or trust, provide tax consultants, and we can also undertake proper due diligence enquiries and checks on any managed fund as well as any unlisted company investment. This process is essential to any investor seeking a visa based on investment opportunities.
Anyone interested in any of the investment visas mentioned should contact Peter Kuek-Kong Lee on (07) 3009 8444 for more information.